الأربعاء، 7 أكتوبر، 2009

Micropile in the restoration

Micropile الخوازيق الإبرية


Micropiles are high capacity, small diameter (5" to 12") drilled and grouted in-place piles designed with steel reinforcement to primarily resist structural loading.urbanized areas or in u r b a n i z e d a r e a s or in l o c a t i o n s with low headroom and restricted access. They are an ideal choice for underpinning or emergency repairs because they can be installed in virtually any ground condition with minimal vibration and disturbance to existing structures. Williams larger diameters of All-Thread Rebar are popular choices for micropile reinforcement.
Williams offers right-hand threaded Grade 75 All-Thread Rebar in #14 - #28 along with a selection of reducer couplers that can adapt to splice together any larger size bar to any smaller size. Williams also offers 150 KSI All-Thread-Bar as an alternative for micropile design applications upon request




#28 Bar
Cross Section Area
9.61 in2
(6,200 mm2)


Bundled #20 Bars
Cross Section Area
9.82 in2
(6,336 mm2)


Larger Bar Micropile
Cost Saving Advantages


In larger micropile designs, casing diameter is minimized because the effective net area available for reinforcement is optimized with a single larger bar versus smaller bundled bars (see example). There is also an increased rate of production installing a single larger bar versus smaller bundled bars.













Multi-Bar Micropiles


Multi-bar elements are often used for attaining ultra-high load carrying capacity in micropiles. High-rise office buildings and high-rise condominiums are examples where such high load carrying micropiles (or sometimes referred to as mini-caissons) are used. Each multi-bar micropile project is uniquely designed by Williams to specific contractor specifications and shipped to the jobsite fabricated in durable cages for quick installation. Williams stands alone in being a customized manufacturer and therefore offers the advantage to the industry of niche accessories to optimize efficiency and costs.









Micropile Testing


Micropiles are often tested in compression and tension for verification and proof tests. Williams manufactures all products necessary for the reaction piles and offers a full line of testing equipment. Compression testing is accomplished by reacting against the bottom of a test beam that is anchored to the ground with reaction piles. The reaction piles are installed in line with the test pile at a minimum distance, so the reaction piles do not influence the loading of the test pile. The reaction piles are designed to resist one-half of the test pile maximum test load.
On a typical compression test, the reaction beam is cribbed a distance off of the ground to accommodate the test jack and load cell between the test pile and the bottom of the test beam. Each reaction pile is then pre-loaded, which compresses the test beam onto the cribbing. The compressive load is then applied to the pile through the test jack reacting against the bottom of the beam. The pre-stress force on the reaction piles keep the beam from rolling.


Typical Compression Test


Typical Tension Test

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